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Facebook just bought Instagram and now 0wns you

April 9th, 2012 No comments

**** UPDATES: See Bottom of Post *******

Facebook just bought Instagram for one billion dollars. What did they buy? An iOS/Android app that lets you apply ‘very quickly get tacky’ photo filters to your cell phone snaps?

Nah…ugly, hopelessly hipster photo-effects does not a billion dollar business make.

Did they buy a tool that lets users upload images to a free service and share those pics on Facebook and Twitter from their cell phones?

Nah… it’s not that hard to do.  Facebook and Twitter phone apps already support this functionality and that’s not worth one beeeeelyon dollars.

Well if they didn’t buy these two defining features of Instragram what did they pay a billion dollars for? Facebook paid a billion dollars to own more of you. Well, dear readers, I hope not literally you because I hope you, like me, were smart enough not to sign up for Instagram in the first place but a lot of other people did. A lot of people I sincerely respect as technologists did. Even a lot of real photographers I know did and, from day one, it baffled me.

Well, now the bill for the ‘free’ they enjoyed comes due.

Now, Facebook, who many ‘digerati‘  have managed to completely avoid (or, who, like me, regret joining and now try to manage more closely) owns all the information you uploaded to and shared on Instagram. No, they don’t own the copyright to your photos. They don’t even really own the metadata but they own you in the  l337 sense of the word ‘own’ or should I say p0wn you.

They’ve now dominated, defeated, fragged you and made you their… Well you get the idea.

Cameras, your phone cameras included, store  time, technical and often (usually on a phone) location metadata. Metadata is data about data. In this case, data about your pictures. Not just data that could be extrapolated with facial recognition or some other high tech fun, it’s simple and highly revealing data attached to the digital photo. It’s metadata uploaded right alongside the retro-sepia-lomo-shot of  your latest achievement in home canning. The metadata can often be extracted, aggregated and analyzed and, if it included GPS data (and again, on a cell phone camera, it usually does), you’re ‘checking in’ every time time you upload a picture.

All the metadata from GPS data you may have allowed to have stored and uploaded with your photos to whatever contexts you’ve shared them in, to the kinds of content you’re keen to photograph, to when you tend to take pictures to share. All of it. Owned.

The metadata Instagram have uploaded from your phone with your photos. The choices you’ve made about content. The pictures you took of every craft-brewed beer you’ve drunk. All of that is now in Facebook’s hands.

If you use Facebook, if you’ve shared your Instragram pics on Twitter, that’s all correlatable into one more-disturbing-than-you-can-likely-imagine profile of who you are, who you interact with, where you go, when you go there and, given the proclivities people have for the content of cell phone photos, what you eat, drink, smoke or otherwise ingest.

Now all that information is right there in the same mine-able cache of data along with everything you told Facebook about yourself, your friends and your family. And, worse yet, right in the mix along with everything your less than cautious friends might have decided they thought was ok to share about you.

“Big deal Jon you paranoid recluse, get a life!”

Oh yeah? Read this: This Creepy App Isn’t Just Stalking Women Without Their Knowledge, It’s A Wake-Up Call About Facebook Privacy and when you’re done and you say “But Jon, I don’t check in with Foursquare and besides, they took down that nasty stalker app.”. Bzzt… wrong answer. No Winnebago for you.  No autographed picture of Randy Mantooth either. They know more, not less than you think.

A decision or an accident by Facebook that shows this data to anyone able to access your page and a web scrape will make a “Girls Around Me” level of resolution and tracking  easy work for for any serious but average developer. By serious but average I mean the guys who work in your employer’s IT department. The PI your soon to be ex-husband’s lawyer hires. The PI his lawyer uses to build his case in effort to use custody of the kids as a cudgel. The kid who gets mad at you, teacher, for failing his plagiarized term paper. The stalker with resources. Your political opponent. Anyone with, frankly not especially hard to come by, resources who wants to do you harm or who wants to look in a general geographical area for somebody to do harm.

Never forget dear readers, we’d all be much better off if we started thinking of our personal information as currency and our opinions as monetizable content. Even if you’re not worried about any of the above, and the truth is, really most of shouldn’t. All of this makes you more the target for advertisers including charities and political campaigns. It’s more information about you that search engines can use to skew what results you get to help support your preferemces, or preconceptions.

The real lesson here is, a free service to help you share your content isn’t free. It’s costing you every time you use it. Start choosing more carefully. Start taking more control of your data.

 

***UPDATES 4.11.12***

Check out Andy Ihnatko’s piece in the Chicago Sun Times

I’m told by a reliable source that Instagram defaults location data to “off”. I didn’t remember. While I do actually think that’s good behavior, I’d guess many users turn it on because they like the ability to define place as part of what they post. I know there’s a lot of EXIF and other photo metadata to be mined all over the web.  It’s also not an Instagram-only issue. The point above is that you should know what you reveal where.  See this post on Aperture’s lookups though that post isn’t about what you post but rather how Apple looks up location info from GPS coordinates.

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Lytro – Misunderstood but with promise

March 8th, 2012 No comments

There’s been a lot of buzz about the Lytro light field camera and with buzz comes inevitable confusion and misunderstanding.

I’ve been watching this technology since I first heard about Lytro many months ago and while I can’t justify the expense of buying the hardware yet, I was and remain extremely intrigued. The problem is that there’s a lot of what I perceive as ‘missing the point’ in how much of the online photo community is reacting to it. One of my favorite photography blogs, Scott Bourne’s  Photofocus features a post there now that addresses a lot of the misunderstandings he and I both see on the web about Lytro.

There’s also something he and I seem to be differing on and he’s called me out on Twitter for having an “agenda”. In part this post is for Scott to better understand what I have been unable to say in 140 character chunks but it’s mostly about the bigger picture, so to speak, with Lytro.

Let’s start with what Lytro is. The best way to do that is to read this from Lytro  themselves to explain it. The link to the CEO’s dissertation is also worth reading, even skimming if you prefer not to get too deep into math and optics to understand better how it works.

There are a few key points the above will make clearer so please, have a read and come back.

Read up? Ok, good, thanks. Here we go. The key points I see as being misunderstood by the web photo community in general.

First, light field needs a lot more pixels than you will see in a final image. There’s nothing wrong with this. It’s not a ‘flaw’ it’s simply a fact of the technology. The issue is now, with this first product, the final output size of the images is not comparable to what you would get from a similarly priced camera. That’s fine. A similarly priced camera can’t be focused after the fact either. People wrongly compare the low resolution output images to comparably priced or even cell phone cameras and, I think profoundly miss the point. More on this below.

Two, it’s a first product offering and it’s offered as a consumer product. Again, not a problem. It means Lytro can evolve the product and may even manage to do so for customers who already own the hardware. One should never buy a product based on the promise of a future update but a reasonable hope there are such updates in the offing sure is nice and Scott is a reliable source in my experience.

But, even with new features, perhaps even improved image performance in the main area this release seems to fall short, low light, the hardware is inherently limited in this *first* consumer product. That doesn’t mean it’s not worth it. It’s cheep compared to a professional DLSR and one or more good lenses. It’s not intended to be, nor is it a good use of what makes it special to compare its value based on the pixel count of the output files or the spec sheet of a comparably priced camera. There’s something unique here. Something new but, again, more on that below.

What both of these things mean is that this will start, we hope , to get a lot more interesting as time goes by. Light field photography has enormous potential. It has limitations. It has artistic constraints. Constraints are good. They change creativity. Depth of field and how it’s used in composition with focus are limitations of traditional photography that have been the basis of spectacular art. The lack of predetermination of focus and depth of field at capture time adds a new creative dimension and more important, to me, is that the viewer of the image can be empowered to interact.

Lytro’s player provides interactive interface to let the viewer change focus, and, perhaps, in future, depth of field is a new limitation, a new opportunity for the photographer. How do you compose an image where you empower the user to change it as they view it? What do you have to do differently as an artist when you let the viewer engage, when the expectation, the requirement is that you create an image that you know will be used this way? It gets interesting and that’s good!

Years ago, I was interviewed about how I and my then colleagues used another form of photography that allowed the user to interact, to alter what they saw of a photograph. Some of those same ideas apply here and I think Light Field and Lytro will bring a new means of expression to the photographer. I think this is great. Every medium has limitations and often the more interactive the medium the more interesting and challenging it is to do something compelling by using those limitations.

In a Twitter conversation about the following concern, Scott Bourne thought I had an agenda in asking a question I still don’t know the answer to. He’s right. I do. It’s nothing nefarious though. It’s very simple.

I asked Scott if he knew if the Flash application that let viewers of the images interact with the selective functionality made possible with Lytro’s tech had to be hosted at Lytro’s site. By all indications, yes that appears to be the case and that concerns me, a lot. While the Lytro desktop application will let the photographer use selective focus and publish a static image from the source light field image captured by the camera, it seems one must host one’s images at Lytro to publish and share images that allow the viewer to interact. If this is true, this is a problem for two major reasons.

First, editorial. Lytro would take a business risk acting as the publisher of images that may be controversial. The artist should be able to decide how far to push the boundaries of ‘good taste’ (within the limits of the law) and if they want to publish work in the tradition of Andres Serrano rather than Ansel Adams they should be able to do so without concern that Lytro’s business needs preclude them being comfortable hosting the images. Lytro’s Terms Of Use:  indicate that Lytro, wisely, retains the right to decide if images they host are ones they are comfortable with.

Second, business. There’s more to read at that terms of use link above but the current state of affairs, and what I was asking Scott about, would indicate that photographers currently need to rely on Lytro to host images in the Lytro ‘light field picture player’ (A flash app). This has the obvious risk that, should Lytro change their business model, perhaps charge for hosting add advertising or, though Scott reassures me they have plenty of funding, fold or sell out, then the photographer’s images may not be available, or available the same way with the same interactivity in future.

There’s reason to hope right in those same terms of use. Lytro makes reference to approved players and my hope is they release an open source player for their images. They can do this without compromising their IP rights to the light field imaging technology and in doing so, they’d reassure photographers investing not the trivial cost of the camera but the priceless value of their artistic efforts invested in creating images they wanted users to be able to interact with.

This is hardly the last word on this topic and all I seek to do here is start a conversation. Hopefully get Scott and other talented photographers thinking about the interactivity and Lytro to think about opening up what’s needed for people to host their images themselves.

P.S. It should be obvious, I hope, that light field photography, the ability to change focus after the fact is also a possible boon to other non-artistic endeavors from security to manufacturing quality control and machine vision applications. Light field moving from research paper to reality could be huge and Lytro could be a very smart place to invest.

 

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D800 First Impressions

February 15th, 2012 No comments

It’s not shipping yet. Firmware isn’t final yet. There’s even a lot of confusion about what the damned thing even is. All that said, as an ecstatically happy Nikon D700 owner, here’s why I will, barring disaster, be buying a D800.

Why do I love my D700? It’s a “Pro” body. Why do I care about a “Pro” body?

It’s the handling.  What does this really mean? It means you’re never three menus deep trying to get off a shot. It means you have a readily accessible button for damned near anything you’d want to change on the fly. It has a magnesium chassis and rubber covered grip surfaces making it feel better and be easier to hand-hold without camera shake. Real ‘pro’ bodies (f5, D1, D2, D3, D4) have built in vertical grips for access to command dials, a second shutter release and more as well as a Jay Leno chin’s worth of space for larger (or more) batteries.  The D700 is a ‘gripless’ body with the option of a really good screw on vertical grip. Historically, add on vertical grips have been fiddly, plastic and not well integrated with the rest of the camera. Not so the MB-D10 for the D700. I can have essentially all of the portrait orientaion handling of a D3/D4 pro body if I want to, or unscrew the grip and have a leaner, lighter and less imposing body  to carry around and attract less attention. Yes, many bodies offer these add-on grips but the MB-D10 (D300(s)/D700) and, presumably, MB-D12 (D800) bolts on and blends in like it’s part of the body. The grip can also take AA batteries!

It’s the viewfinder. What does that really mean? It means you have a huge, bright marvelous optical finder to look through. That finder takes diopter correction lenses that *stay on* (I correct my viewfinder to let me shoot without glasses and I can’t do that without pegging the diopter adjustment and adding a corrective lens.)

All of these benefits are almost impossible to fully appreciate until you hold and spend quality time experimenting with a camera. With the exact same image quality (and that’s rarely the case), a “pro” body will be easier to use, more reliable, more flexible and become an organic extension of your eyes and hands. They also hold resale value better (though bodies depreciate faster than lenses by far). You read the specs, you see the weight, you think “big deal, so what”. That the feel, the handling is so important yet so hard to describe is one of the many reasons you want to maintain a relationship with a really good local camera shop. A chance to really handle, try out, perhaps even rent this gear is what you get when you have a good shop you can visit. It should go without saying that this means buying stuff from this camera shop. Not just going in and test driving and going home to order online. Build a relationship. That means learn who works there who knows things, you’d be surprised how different an employee at a real camera shop is than some kid in a blue polo shirt at a big box store. Real photographers work at pro camera shops. They can and often enjoy teaching you things. If you show them respect, actually buy things there, you will find you may get a call when something you have been waiting to see comes in. You will find they can be honest with you about where they can, and can’t discount and how much. Show them you value you them, need them. Buy things from them. Don’t be afraid to ask “Hey, is it still helpful if I buy these ten (often higher margin) accessories from you but grab the body at BH because they have it in stock?” Be honestly willing to support them and you can be sure they’ll still be in business when you need them. Plus, they often run rental shops, sell used gear, can help you sell your used gear and in the case of my personal favorite local shop, have studio facilities you can rent out for your bigger projects.  I can’t stress this enough, build a relationship. Saving twenty bucks by trying theit demos and buying online is short sighted self defeating in the long term and, frankly, downright dishonorable. Hell, saving a hundred bucks can be stupid if it’s going to mean they won’t be there when you crack a filter and need help getting it off. (My personal favorite ‘real humans work there’ camera shop is E.P Levine, or as I am known to call them “Eeeps!” if you live in the Boston area, are serious about your photography and don’t shop there, you’re missing out in a very, very big way. Yes, I know the owners, yes I’m biased. I also happen to be right. Just go….oh,…and they sell online and have a constantly updating used inventory too.)

It has features most people don’t even know matter because they don’t shoot on a tripod, (or a good enough tripod). Shutter release delay to avoid shake from mirror slap. A lever-operated shutter blind to keep light leaking in from the finder and mucking with metering when your face isn’t mushed up against the finder doing the masking.

It has a screw cam that can drive older non-AFS lenses.

It has a pop-up flash. Do I *use* that flash as a flash? Almost never. Do I use it as an Infra-red trigger for an off-camera flash? Often. Very often. Is it nice to have it there for a bit of fill when I don’t have a flash? Damned skippy!

It’s also FX. Why do I care about FX? There are more and better lenses available for FX that go, in my case, back to 1980’s vintage lenses.  FX feels ‘natural’ to me. When I see the world, I can, having learned photography an all manual on 35mm film Pentax Spotmatic my mother was kind enough to lend me, see how a shot will frame at a given focal length. I don’t need to remember my 50mm will frame like a 75mm. I don’t need to think “oh, and my ability to isolate subject from background with depth of field is different too”.

It’s really, really good in low light. How good? It eats film’s lunch. You can get effectively noiseless images at ISO 1600 and damned nice ones even at 3200. At 6400? The shot you’d never have bothered taking 5 years ago can be had and cleaned up in post to acceptable quality.

The autofocus is fast. The metering is stellar. Nikon’s CLS /iTTL flash system is shockingly good. It is, for all intents and purposes, a D3 for half the money with more flexibility.

All these things are what I love, love, love about my D700. I hated my D1. I hated my D2h because they just couldn’t touch film in terms of quality despite being beautifully made, I love my D700. It is, for me, the camera that stopped me pining for the money and time to shoot more 35mm film. That’s not to say, at all, that film doesn’t continue to have value but I just can’t justify the cost and slower feedback loop I get shooting film. I improve faster as a photographer with digital because I see the results of my mistakes sooner and can learn and adapt with immediate re-enforcement I just can’t get waiting even a day for processing film. Also, if you consider digital post artistically valid (and I do) you can have all you’d have had with 35mm film and more. (Note that I stipulate 35mm film and not medium or lager formats. Larger film formats are a different best altogether.)

Why do I want a D800?

100% viewfinder coverage.

It has two card slots. Sadly, one of them is an SD card but I get backup in the camera if I want it.

I get a dedicated Bracketing Button

Better auto-focus when I attach a teleconverter and lose a stop and a half of light (depth of field doesn’t change) 1.7x more reach making my 70-200 into a 119-340.

But, and here’s where the “barring disaster” kicks in, I also get a roughly 15mpx DX body at the same time!

If I want that “DX reach”, I can crop in like mad and still have 15 mega pixels worth of resolution. Why do I say barring disaster? Higher pixel density, all other things being equal, comes with the penalty of inferior noise performance and especially at high iso.

The question is, are all other things equal? Well, early indications looking at the sample images are that things aren’t equal. The sample files I have seen online so far suggest the D800 will be no noisier than a D700. Advances in sensor technology and in camera processing seem to have worked magic. Will it be as good in low light as a D3s? I’m guessing no. Do most people need a camera that can shoot in the dark like the D3s can? No. Does my eye *expect* to be able to shoot in the dark using the ‘mental map’ I cling to based on experience with film? No. The hi-iso performance of a D700/D3 is really, really good. Better than film. (Some argument might be made about the potential dynamic range of film vs digital in the hands of an extremely skilled photographer. The same can be of the aesthetic charms of grain vs this hideousness of noise. There are also important considerations about archival media. All these points are valid. I’m not, and I am pretty sure most of you aren’t a good enough photographer to make them most of them matter in a meaningful way. I do know this, shooting more with a DSLR and really thinking about what you learn has made made me a better photographer for all the reasons above.)

The D800 looks to be just dandy in low light and, when it’s not, I if I don’t need to crop, I can scale. When I scale down to D700-class 12 megapixels, I get noise reduction for free as the noise is averaged out in the down-sampling. Will all my uncharacteristic optimism about the hi-iso peformance prove valid? I won’t know until the camera is shipping but sure looks like, barring disaster, the D800 will match a D700 in noise performance which, for me, is plenty good enough!

With both my trusty D700 and a new D800, I have my tele body and my wide body. A day with fewer lens swaps, a backup, long continued good use from my D700 and a new class of opportunities that come when, since I can’t afford, or carry, a 500mm lens I can use a TC more freely and get the option to crop to DX (or tighter) and FINALLY get a good shot of that hawk that lives in my neighbor’s tree.

Side note: I hold the heretical belief that DX is a dead-end format for lenses. That doesn’t mean you won’t be able to buy them or even that there won’t be more new ones introduced. There will be DX bodies for the foreseeable future as ‘hobbyist’ products but, if you’re going to invest in a DSLR and the ‘system’ that goes with it because you are, or aspire to be a pro, you’re basically nuts to buy DX glass. An un-popular view I’m sure but I’ve bought and then sold exactly one DX lens. (I don’t even remember what it was exactly. I bought it when I had a D2h because there were no wide-enough-angle FX lenses I could afford.)

Mirrorless has been coming for a long time and it is, now, finally coming into its own. If you want cheaper, smaller, lighter kit, you’ll end up wanting a mirrorless system. After enjoying a mirrorless system, you may decide you want to upgrade to the larger sensor size and optical TTL viewfinder you get when you choose a DSLR and an inexpensive DX body might be a good way to start but, if you do, you’d be unwise invest heavily in DX glass.

You’ll outgrow your DX body eventually. The high resolution of the D800 was inevitable. The desire for ‘a body with DX reach’ is or, if the D800 falls short, will be irrelevant. You’ll want your investment, the largest and most long-term part of your investment in photo gear to be in FX glass. I own nine, ten if you count the teleconverter, FX lenses. The resale value holds up well. The used market is good. (I have lenses I’ve used since I got my first Nikon, an N8008 film body) . The cost of glass, as a function of my total investment in photo gear, is the lion’s share. Sure, want some lighter, slower DX lenses to let you explore focal lengths you might not otherwise invest in? Geat! Want something lighter or cheaper? Fine! But to make a significant and growing investment is a ‘set’ of DX lenses is, for lack of a kinder word, loopy.

Oh? Video, yeah, the D800 shoots video and early buzz it will kill in that market vs Canon’s current offerings. I don’t care. You might.

Some links:

Rob Galbraith on the D800

Cliff Mautner on the D800 (with some stunning example shots) two links: The Nikon D800!!!! and A Few More Features To Point Out.

The Nikon Imaging D800 Page

Also see Thom Hogan’s bythom.com.  He doesn’t make his ‘news articles’ easy to link directly to but there’s lots of good stuff to be read on topics discussed above.

Chris Foreseman’s D800 article at Ars Technica. I won’t telegraph the title too obviously here but it’s an insightful piece. Some of the comments thread are bozo-liscious which is always fun.

Expect more on this later. Also, D800 vs D80oE? I don’t know yet which but don’t whine the E costs more money. Nikon aren’t removing a part and charging more, they are changing a part and charging more. There’s good reason to believe will be a the lower volume product and, as such, there are inherent costs involved. Don’t whine! It’s not the same as charging you too much for a remote shutter release. Whine about that, that’s a fair complaint.

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